Myopia: It's more common than you think!

Myopia: It's more common than you think!

Vision is most often referred to as the most important and most complex of all of the senses. That’s because humans perceive up to 80 per cent of all impressions by sight. Because of this complexity, we’ve often found that many people struggle with identifying vision impairments resulting in their journey towards sight correction taking that much longer.

After all, how do you fix something that you aren't too sure is broken? Which brings us to this piece; at Execuspecs we care about your vision, which is why we’re invested in educating you about it as much as possible. We’ll be looking at what Myopia is, what causes it, and how you can work towards treatment.

What is Myopia?

Myopia, otherwise known as short-sightedness, is a common eye condition that causes objects in the distance to appear blurred while close objects are seen clearly. It is also the most common cause of impaired vision in individuals under the age of 40. 

How do you know if you have it? What are the symptoms?

An image

Some of the symptoms include squinting for clarity, frequent headaches, eyestrain, and difficulty in seeing far away objects like road signs, billboards or even your lecturers' notes on the board, while close-up objects seem to be more in focus for you.

These symptoms often mean that tasks such as reading a book or using a computer are that much simpler, while driving or playing sports may leave you with a headache or your eyes feeling fatigued! It could be signs of Myopia that has gone untreated. 

What causes Myopia?

Myopia is a refractive error (meaning that your eye does not bend light correctly) and allows you to see objects up close, while distant objects appear blurry and out of focus. The reason for this focus error is the shape of the eye: as your eye develops and grows, it can become elongated, or the surface of the eyeball may become curved, which causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina – instead of directly on its surface. What specifically causes the eyeball to grow longer, however, is currently unknown.

For instance, Myopia commonly runs in families and you are more likely to develop it if both sides of your family are short-sighted. Another factor that seems to affect your eyesight can be how much time you spend outside or indoors, as well as, spending a disproportionate amount of your time reading, writing, or at a computer or on your smartphone can trigger myopia. 

Treating Myopia:
When it comes to the treatment you may have three options:
1. Wearing prescription glasses
2. Contact lenses
3. Refractive surgery.

Depending on the degree, you may need to wear your glasses or contacts all the time, or only when you’re taking part in activities that need clear distance vision.

Wearing prescription glasses for Myopia is the most common and effective solution. Your glasses may incorporate light intelligent technology such as transition lenses for visual comfort throughout the day, or Blue Light Control for extended time spent watching movies or on your computer.

What happens when Myopia is degenerative?

An image

Myopia can be a minor inconvenience in some, with only minor risks, it can, however, be progressive and serve in others this is considered a degenerative condition.

People with Degenerative Myopia have eyes that keep growing a little bit each year. An estimate of 2 per cent of the population suffers from Degenerative Myopia.

This is another reason why regular eye tests are vital, and we encourage you to pop into your nearest optometrist for a check-up! If you are having trouble seeing near objects or find you are holding books (or your smartphone) farther away for clearer visuals. Nearsightedness can be treated, and in some cases, slowed in children.

Date Published: